Beira, in the province of Sofala, is second largest city in the country and its harbour of vital importance to the economy of the central region of the country and to the neighbouring hinterland countries. The city is built below sea level and spreads itself from the harbour area up to the Macuti lighthouse.
Sofala is situated in central Mozambique, and is an important meeting point between the South, North and West, By means of the Beira “corridor route” an old and very important naturally formed route the North and West can reach the interior and neighbouring countries.
To the North is Tete and Zambezi, to the South Inhambane, to the West Manica and to the East the Indian Ocean.
The main urban centre is the city of Beira, built slightly north of the ancient town of Sofala on lands that were originally swamps, below sea level and near one of the most important ports in the country and in Africa. Its name comes from D.Filipe da Beira who landed there on an official visit at the beginning of the XX century.
The main ethnic groups are the Sena and Ndau.
The province is home to the Gorongosa National Park that was in the past one of the largest wild life reservations in the world.