Environmental and Social Management Framework


The Government of Mozambique, through the Ministry of Tourism (MITUR) has been implementing the Transfrontier Conservation Area (TFCA) Program which has as long-term objectives the conservation of the biodiversity and natural ecosystems within the TFCAs, and the promotion of economic growth and development, based on sustainable use of their natural resources by local communities, with a particular emphasis on ecotourism. This program has been funded by the GEF and the World Bank.

The TFCA Program was designed for a period of 15-20 years, to be developed in three phases. The first phase (1998-2003) - Transfrontier Conservation Areas Pilot and Institutional Strengthening project (TFCAPISP), was developed in the context of a growing interest in large scale (including transfrontier) spatial development initiatives (SDI) within the southern African region. The second phase (2005-2013) - Transfrontier Conservation Areas and Tourism Development Project (TFCATDP) intended to implement the TFCA concept on the ground in the original three TFCAs: Limpopo, Lubombo and Chimanimani of Mozambique.

The People

By the end of 2012, Mozambique's popu...